Strangulation is one of the most lethal forms of domestic violence: unconsciousness may occur within seconds and death within minutes.

Strangulation is a serious act of violence, and it is important to know the signs and symptoms. Acts of strangulation should not go unreported. A person who commits the act can be charged with Aggravated Assault.

Power and control are underlying factors in this violent act, and the batterer may use strangulation to demonstrate control. Victims suffer great physical and psychological harm and may feel terror and pain. Victims usually resist the violence, which may lead to additional injuries and unconsciousness.

Losing Consciousness

Strangulation frequently results in the loss of consciousness due to a blocked airway, carotid artery, or jugular vein. Consciousness may be regained if pressure is released within ten seconds. However, brain death will occur if strangulation continues for four to five minutes.

Strangulation Chart

If you are in immediate danger, contact 911.

Observing Changes

Documenting the evidence of strangulation will help establish physical evidence, determine the severity of the injuries caused by the assault, and increase the victim’s credibility. Victims, especially those who are pregnant, should also seek medical attention if they experience any of the following symptoms: Difficulty Breathing, Speaking, or Swallowing; Nausea; Vomiting; Light Headedness; Headache; Involuntary Urination or Defecation. A medical evaluation may be crucial in detecting injuries & saving a life.

How: For several days after the assault, document the injuries through photographs and monitor signs & symptoms by recording the following information:

Information for Survivors

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